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Normal Pediatric Laboratory Values

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Normal Pediatric Laboratory Values
Normal Pediatric Laboratory Values
1447
A
PPENDIX B
Selected Normal Pediatric Laboratory Values
All laboratory values listed are approximate. Consult your local laboratory for guidelines as to normal values for the
specific testing procedures used.
Ammonia (P)
1
Newborns: 50 mmol/L
Thereafter: 0–35 mmol/L
Base Excess (B)
1
Newborn: –10 to –2 mmol/L
Infant: –7 to –1 mmol/L
Child: –4 to +2 mmol/L
Thereafter: –3 to +3 mmol/L
Bicarbonate, Actual (P)
2
Calculated from pH and PaCO
2
Newborns: 17.2–23.6 mmol/L
2 months–2 years: 19–24 mmol/L
Children: 18–25 mmol/L
Adult males: 20.1–28.9 mmol/L
Adult females: 18.4–28.8 mmol/L
Bilirubin, Conjugated (S)
1
Neonates: 10 mol/L
Neonate: 2 mol/L
Preterm (1–6 days): 10 mol/L
Bleeding Time (Simplate)
2
2–9 min.
Blood Volume
2
Premature infants: 98 mL/kg
At 1 year: 86 mL/kg (range, 69–112 mL/kg)
Older children: 70 mL/kg (range, 51–86 mL/kg)
Calcium (S)
2
Premature infants (first week): 3.5–4.5 mEq/L (1.7–2.3 mmol/L)
Full-term infants (first week): 4.0–5.0 mEq/L (2.0–2.5 mmol/L)
Thereafter: 4.4–5.3 mEq/L (2.2–2.7 mmol/L)
Carbon Dioxide, Partial Pressure (PCO
2
) (B)
1
Newborn: 27–40 mmHg (3.6–5.5 kPa)
Infant: 27–41 mmHg (3.6–5.5 kPa)
Children: 32–48 mmHg (4.3–6.4 kPa)
Carbon Dioxide, Total (P)
1
Cord blood: 13–29 mmol/L
1 year: 17–31 mmol/L
Adults: 24–30 mmol/L
NORMAL VALUES: BLOOD
Albumin (S)
1
Newborn: 2.6–3.6 g/dL
1–3 years: 3.4–4.2 g/dL
4–6 years: 3.5–5.2 g/dL
7–9 years: 3.7–5.6 g/dL
10–19 years: 3.7–5.6 g/dL
Aldolase (S)
1
10–24 months: 3.4–11.8 U/L
2–7 years: 1.2–8.8 U/L
Adults: 1.7–4.9 U/L
Aldosterone (S)
1
6–9 years: 1–24 ng/dL
10–11 years: 2–15 ng/dL
12–14 years: 1–22 ng/dL
15–17 years: 1–32 ng/dL
Alkaline Phosphatase (S)
2
Values in IU/L at 37°C (98.6°F) using p-nitrophenol phosphate buffered
with AMP (kinetic).
Age Males Females
Newborns (1–3 days) 95–368 95–368
2–24 months 115–460 115–460
2–5 years 115–391 115–391
6–7 years 115–460 115–460
8–9 years 115–345 115–345
10–11 years 115–336 115–437
12–13 years 127–403 92–336
14–15 years 79–446 78–212
16–18 years 58–331 35–124
Adults 41–137 39–118
a
1
Antitrysin (S)
1
Newborn: 143–440 mg/dL
1–3 years: 147–244 mg/dL
4–9 years: 160–245 mg/dL
10–13 years: 166–267 mg/dL
14–19 years: 152–317 mg/dL
Note: Modified from:
1
Soldin, S.J., Brugnara, C., & Hicks, J.M. (1999). Pediatric reference ranges
(3rd ed.). Washington, DC: AACC Press.
2
Hay, W.W., Hayward, A.R., Levin, M.J., Sondheimer, J.M. (2000). Current
pediatric diagnosis and treatment (15th ed.). New York: Lange Medical
Books/McGraw Hill.
Normal Pediatric Laboratory Values
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