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Psychoactive Drug Chart ATTC


Psychoactive Drug Chart ATTC
Psychoactive Drug Chart ATTC
Psychoactive Drugs Identification Chart
Drugs Medical Uses Medical
Names
Slang Names Forms Usual Adminis-
tration
Effects Sought Possible Effects Overdose Long-Term Effects
Nicotine None Nicotine Butt, chew,
smoke, cig
Pipe, tobacco,
cigarettes, snuff
Sniff, chew, smoke Relaxation Respiratory difficulties,
fatigue, high blood
pressure
None Dependency, lung
cancer, heart attacks,
respiratory ailments
Caffeine Hyperkinesis,
Stimulant
Caffeine None Chocolates, tea,
soft drinks, coffee
Swallow Alertness Increased alertness,
pulse rate, and blood
pressure; excitation,
insomnia, loss of
appetite
Irritability Dependency may
aggravate organic
actions
Amphet-
amines
Hyperkinesis,
Narcolepsy,
Weight control,
Mental disorders
Dexedrine,
Benzedrine
Speed, bennies,
dexies, pep pills
Capsules, liquid,
tablets, powder
Inject, swallow Alertness,
activeness
Increased alertness,
pulse rate, and blood
pressure; excitation,
insomnia, loss of
appetite
Agitation, increase in
body temperature,
hallucinations,
convulsions, possible
death
Severe withdrawal,
possible convulsions,
toxic psychosis
Cocaine Local anesthetic Cocaine Coke, rock, crack,
blow, toot, white,
blast, snow, flake
Powder, rock Inject, smoke,
inhale
Excitation,
euphoria
Increased alertness,
pulse rate, and blood
pressure; excitation,
insomnia, loss of
appetite
Agitation, increase in
body temperature,
hallucinations,
convulsions, possible
death
Dependency,
depression, paranoia,
convulsions
Alcohol None Ethyl alcohol Booze Liquid Swallow Sense alteration,
anxiety reduction
Loss of coordination,
sluggishness, slurred
speech, disorientation,
depressions
Total loss of
coordination, nausea,
unconsciousness,
possible death
Dependency, toxic
psychosis, neurologic
damage
Sedatives Anesthetic,
Sedative
hypnotic, Anti-
convulsant
Secobarbital,
Phenobarbital,
Seconal
Barbs, reds,
downers, sopors
Capsules, tablets,
powder
Inject, swallow Anxiety reduction,
euphoria, sleep
Loss of coordination,
sluggishness, slurred
speech, disorientation,
depressions
Cold clammy skin,
dilated pupils, shallow
respiration, weak and
rapid pulse, coma,
possible death
Dependency, severe
withdrawal, possible
convulsions, toxic
psychosis
Tranquilizers Anti-anxiety,
Sedative hypnotic
Valium, Miltown,
Librium
Downers Capsules, tablets Swallow Anxiety reduction,
euphoria, sleep
Loss of coordination,
sluggishness, slurred
speech, disorientation,
depressions
Cold clammy skin,
dilated pupils, shallow
respiration, weak and
rapid pulse, coma,
possible death
Dependency, severe
withdrawal, possible
convulsions, toxic
psychosis
Opium Analgesic,
Antidarrheal
Paregoric None Powder Smoke, swallow Euphoria, prevent
withdrawal, sleep
Euphoria, drowsiness,
respiratory depression,
constricted pupils, sleep,
nausea
Clammy skin, slow and
shallow breathing,
convulsions, coma,
possible death
Dependency,
constipations, loss of
appetite, severe
withdrawal
Morphine Analgesic,
Antitussive
Morphine,
pectoral syrup
None Powder, tablet,
liquid
Inject, smoke,
swallow
Euphoria, prevent
withdrawal, sleep
Euphoria, drowsiness,
respiratory depression,
constricted pupils, sleep,
nausea
Clammy skin, slow and
shallow breathing,
convulsions, coma,
possible death
Dependency,
constipations, loss of
appetite, severe
withdrawal
Source:CenterforSubstanceAbusePrevention,.CurriculumModulesonAlcoholandOtherDrugProblemsforSchoolsofSocialWork
Psychoactive Drug Chart ATTC
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